自贸合作小高潮彰显时代大势

ag真人登录

自由贸易合作“小高潮”凸显了时代潮流

新华社记者叶淑红

当霸道的单边主义和保护主义扰乱全球贸易秩序时,另一个声音相互呼应:在不久的将来,非洲,欧盟,拉丁美洲和亚洲的自由贸易谈判取得了突破。这表明自由贸易和多边主义仍然是世界的主流,从封闭到开放的人类是不可抗拒的时代潮流。

7月7日,非洲联盟举行峰会,宣布非洲自由贸易区正式启动。截至目前,非洲联盟55个成员国中有54个已签署该协议。这意味着很快将形成一个覆盖12亿人口和2.5万亿美元GDP的市场。高度整合的市场资源和巨大的人口红利将产生显着的整合效应,促进非洲自我完善将成为一种希望。大陆。

在南美洲,由巴西,阿根廷,乌拉圭和巴拉圭发起的南方共同市场在与欧盟进行了近20年的艰苦谈判后于6月28日签署了自由贸易协定。双方将通过降低关税,扩大市场准入,促进南方农产品的强劲增长和欧盟工业产品出口等措施,建立覆盖近7.8亿消费者的巨大市场。用欧盟委员会主席容克的话来说,这是对全球“开放,公平,可持续和以规则为基础的贸易”的强有力支持。

同样在拉丁美洲,由墨西哥,哥伦比亚,秘鲁和智利发起的太平洋联盟于7月6日在利马举行了一次峰会,以振兴拉美经济一体化。四国承诺继续推进自由贸易,深化区域经济一体化,维护多边贸易体制。值得一提的是,双方还决定与亚太经合组织建立磋商机制,加强与其他区域组织的贸易合作,体现区域自由贸易合作的公开透明理念,这在当前尤为珍贵。

人们还注意到,为了共同应对全球贸易面临的挑战,太平洋联盟和南方共同市场正在加速对接。巴西和智利于去年年底签署了自由贸易协定。谈判周期只有六个月,而且速度非常快。目的是“尽快将南锥体共同市场与太平洋联盟联系起来”。鉴于这两个区域一体化组织占拉美对外贸易的80%,占国内生产总值的90%,并包括该地区的前7大经济体,它们的整合将为拉美经济带来新的增长空间。

在亚洲,区域自由贸易合作也取得了新的进展。由10个东盟国家发起的区域全面经济伙伴关系协定(RCEP)最近完成了第26轮谈判并进入关键阶段。 7月下旬,第27轮谈判将在中国举行,部长级会议将于8月初在北京举行。目前,各方正在加紧磋商。中方还积极发挥“促进会谈,促进合作,促进”的作用,促进北京会议取得积极成果,为年底做好准备。

目前,在一些国家的单边保护主义影响下,全球贸易环境继续恶化。自由贸易合作的突破或过程的加速至少传递出两个信号:第一,单边主义和保护主义侵入了各国的经济,各方都积极扩大外部市场。对冲负面影响,过去限制共同协议的门槛大大降低,合作意愿大大增强。第二,从总体趋势来看,全球对促进共同发展和改善整体福祉的自由贸易观念没有改变,捍卫了以规则为基础的多边贸易体制。意志没有削弱,全球向开放和一体化发展的历史趋势没有转变。

Based on the cognition of history and rationality, trade is an important engine of economic growth. Trade growth promotes world economic growth and prosperity, and the international economy is increasingly connected. The interdependence of countries is constantly improving, and economic globalization is pushed to a higher level. Whether it is Africa's creation of the world's largest free trade zone, the "marathon" negotiation between the Southern Communist Party and the European Union, or the speeding up of the Pacific Alliance and RCEP negotiations, a consensus is being reached: open cooperation is an inevitable requirement in the era of economic globalization. As the Argentine economist George Castro said: The MERCOSUR-EU FTA is a landmark, which shows that economic globalization is irreversible and multilateralism is still the mainstream of the world.

Today's world trade pattern is accelerating, and some big countries hold the zero-sum thinking of winners. They replace the fair trade with the "jungle law" and attempt to "divide and rule" the world market, which seriously disrupts the global trade order. The free trade arrangement based on the WTO principles is showing an increasingly active momentum, which will undoubtedly form a check and balance against the countercurrent. People have reason to believe that as long as these free trade arrangements adhere to the concept of openness, transparency, mutual benefit and win-win, they will surely form a confluence in the historical tide of economic globalization and inject strong momentum into building an open world economy.

(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, July 9)

xx